The Indian subcontinent has the most vibrant history of all time. And its history is comprised of the varying cultures that developed as a result of the different rules that India witnessed over a span of several centuries.
Although, like England, India did not witness any movements or literary period yet in each rule it saw the dominance of some of the other writers or poets.
Indian literature has been taken as a topic of research paper writing by various universities abroad and therefore its importance cannot be undermined. Also, the points can also provide the literature students with the assignment help on the topic.
The origin of Indian literature can be traced back to the writing of the Vedas. These Vedas were sacred books and written in Sanskrit. Then the Upanishads and Brahmans were added as prose commentaries to the Vedas.
Sanskrit literature had sustained domination from 1500 BCE to 1000 BCE and reached its zenith in the 1st to 7th centuries. At the same time, the era saw the writing of narrative folktales, court poetry, plays, and the like.
Later Buddhism and Jainism developed, and the literature written then was in Pali and Ardhamagadhi respectively. Therefore, with each coming era, languages also diversified and thus emerged several languages of the following centuries.
Above everything, the two greatest epics of all times, The Ramayana and The Mahabharata were also written in India, and that too following all the set literary styles and techniques.
When we say literature is a reflection of society, the statement cannot be negated. Whatever we see around us is the same that is witnessed in the literature of the era.
The two great epics and the Vedas are abundant in the reflection of the Vedic periods, that is, the early and the later Vedic periods. We get a glimpse into the lives of the Aryans and how they entered India and then how their existence gave India its name as Aryavarta.
After these Vedic periods and the rise and fall of Buddhism and Jainism, we saw the existence of several civilizations in India. These civilizations brought with themselves, exemplary writers who contributed immensely to this field of writing. Nonetheless, literature always kept on mirroring society.
Ancient India had some popular writers who gave the world of writing its own movement in India. One of them was the Kalidasa, the Shakespeare of India. Kalidasa contributed immensely to the Sanskrit drama.
One of his most popular works is Abhijnanashakuntalam- the love story of Shakuntala and King Dushyanta. The story acts as a precursor of the great epic Mahabharata.
Thereafter there came a plethora of writers in the various ancient Indian civilizations. The famous book Rajatarangini was a detailed history of Kashmir, written by Kalhana. Bharata Muni wrote the famous Natyashastra,
wherein he described the various art forms and their origin as well as the gestures that indicated those dance forms. The famous Panchatantra was written by Vishnu Sharma.
The work is a compilation of several short stories, each of which has a moral to give. Megasthenes, the ambassador of the Greek Silicus Nicator, came to India during the rule of Chandragupta Maurya.
He wrote his famous work Indica, wherein he described the social and political life during the King’s rule. In the same era, Kautilya, better known as Chanakya, wrote his masterpiece Arthashastra,
which is complete work defining how to properly run an administration.
Then, we move towards the medical era in India which brought the rule of Islam, and which also brought the advent of mingled culture in the country.
The Mughal era was a prominent contributor to the field of art. Rule of Akbar saw the writing of his father’s autobiography at the hands of his sister Gulbadan Begum.
Then we saw the writing of Akbar’s autobiography, Akbar Nama by one of his nine gems, Abul Fazal. Akbar patronized art and therefore in the form of his nine gems we get the various proponents of the different forms of art.
Though the rule of Shah Jahan saw much rise in architecture, yet we also see that the king’s biography, Padshahnama, was written by Abdul Hamid. Then we move to the well-talked-about and of course one of the most popular Padmavat, written by Malik Muhammad Jaisi.
The story was of the beautiful queen Padmavati, wife of King Ratan Singh, who was so beautiful that the Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khalji had his eye on her and went to the heights of war in order to get her through the queen preferred dying than becoming the prey of the king.
While we move towards British India, writings were more focused on arising the feelings of nationalism in people.
The people were in constant fear and oppression of the British, therefore it became important to first acquaint them with what actually the British were doing to the then India and then arise the feelings of nationalism in them
so that they fight for the freedom of their country. One of the most famous works of this time was Dadabhai Naoroji’s Poverty and the Un-British Rule in India, which described the drain of wealth from India to Britain.
In the same era, there were several British writers too who gave India a new culture and a new medium of expression, which continues to date. And now the literature that we see is largely influenced by the British and the new culture that it gave India.
Research paper writings on Indian English Literature have highlighted the development of Pidgin English which came as a result of the mixing of these two languages.
The subject matter of the writings today varies widely, and the writings are done both in Hindi and English and as a matter of fact, in the regional languages as well. A few popular writers today are Arundhati Roy, Salman Rushdie, Arvind Adiga, and others. Therefore, these were a few points on the development of Indian literature that we need to note for assignment help on the topic For more visit ArticleBased Facebook Account or contact us.